Nearly half of US adults infected with genital HPV
- Author: Marjorie Miles Apr 07, 2017,
Apr 07, 2017, 2:21
And while most infections disappear on their own, without even displaying symptoms, some strains can lead to genital warts and even cancers, including prostate, throat, head and neck, rectum and cervical cancer.
In addition, the new version of Gardasil improved protection against HPV-related cancers in the vagina, vulva, penis, anus, rectum and oropharynx - the tongue and tonsil area at the back of the throat. "People need to realize that this is a serious concern".
From the start, clinicians have run into some parental and political roadblocks because the vaccine, which is recommended for preteens, protects against genital human papillomavirus - a virus transmitted through sexual contact.
"Carrageenans in a lubricant is a totally new approach to prevent HPV infection in those of any age", says Einstein.
Overall, about 23 percent of the participants were infected with a high-risk strain of genital HPV, the report found.
Until recently, data on the prevalence of genital HPV infections in men in the general US population was limited.
"It's absolutely vital that all eligible young people receive the full course of the vaccine - taking preventive action against HPV is vital and could save a young person's life in years to come".
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Dr. Lois Ramondetta, a professor of gynecologic oncology at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Texas, told NBC News a year ago: "There is an epidemic of HPV related cancers in men, specifically those of the tonsil and the back of the tongue".
In 2013 and 2014, 45 percent of all men aged up to 60 had some sort of HPV strain and 25 percent had one of the strains that can cause cancer.
A study published in the journal Pediatrics in February 2016 by the same group of researchers found that high-risk HPV infections in women decreased after the HPV vaccine became available in 2006. As such, the CDC recommends all kids between the ages of 11 or 12 be vaccinated, though women can still be vaccinated up to age 26 and men through age 21. Though HPV exists in various forms, its high-risk versions lead to cervical, anal, oropharyngeal, and other types of cancers. All personal lubricants marketed and sold in the USA must be approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Experts say that there are several misconceptions and fears that continue to permeate the public and result in lower rates of HPV vaccination.
While vaccination rates have been increasing, they still lag for both boys and girls. Some people still think vaccination encourages youth to become promiscuous.
"The vaccine is a part of cancer prevention", Paskett said. For example, in Australia and the United Kingdom (including Scottland who presented the dramatic HPV rate drops), the vaccine was introduced as a cancer vaccine, which Paskett says, is what it really is.